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Types of Pliers and How To Use Them

Types of Pliers and How To Use Them

29th Sep 2023

A pair of pliers is one of the basic things that comes with every toolkit.

But at Maun, we know that a good pair of pliers is far from basic.

In fact, we’ve dedicated decades of craftsmanship, design, and expert manufacturing to proving that isn’t the case.

The question is: why bother? What’s the difference between a bog-standard tool and a parallel action plier? What are the different types of pliers? And what pliers are right for what job?

Well, in this blog, we’ll try to answer just that.

What makes pliers different from each other?

The devil’s in the detail when it comes to pliers. The same but different, every pair has similar vital components but with varying designs and features, suitable for all sorts of specialties.

  • Nose or jaws: The pincer end of pliers, this is the bit that differs most, including smooth, serrated, cutting, and even specialist variations.
  • Fulcrum: Right where the jaws and handles connect is the pivot point of pliers. This intensifies force, giving a stronger grip.
  • Compound box joint: Specific to parallel pliers, the compound box system replaces the fulcrum to give parallel plier jaws a clamping action instead of a scissor action.
  • Cutters: Found near the fulcrum on standard pliers and the side of one jaw on parallel pliers, cutters slice through materials.
  • Handles: Straight or curved, plier handles often have a plastic cover for a snugger grip. Bare metal is 

    also available, which is preferred by many professionals .

Types of Pliers

Parallel-action Pliers

Unlike the scissor action of standard pliers, parallel pliers are made with a sophisticated compound box joint system.

This enables the jaws to move in parallel at all times. Allowing a strong, even grip along the whole length of the jaw – rather than just the tip or at a single point. If you’ve ever tried to hold onto something small or awkwardly shaped using poor-quality pliers, you’ll know how useful this feature is.

The parallel action also means that the ‘throat’ of the pliers is open. Leaving a gap through which you can feed materials like wire, in order to manipulate or straighten them.

Some parallel pliers also have sharpened blades along the side of one jaw, used for cutting things like wire and cables. Again, the compound box joint system is useful here, as it adds extra leverage and multiples your hand force – making cutting easier.

However, once you’ve chosen a parallel plier over a standard pair, there are still hundreds of options to choose from. Depending on what type of job you’re doing, the jaws, nose, handles, and size can vary dramatically. Each one specifically designed to get the job done right. Every time.

Flat Nose Pliers

At Maun, our ‘original’ parallel plier is the flat nose parallel plier. A multi-purpose tool available in four different sizes, its serrated jaws add extra grip for holding and manipulating objects. It also has a ‘v slot’ running the entire length of one jaw, and an open throat, making it easy to grip, bend and straighten wire as needed.

Watch our Flat Nose Parallel Plier in action:


Smooth Jaw Pliers

Then there’s the smooth jaws parallel plier. The smooth surface of the jaws helps to prevent marks and damage on delicate workpieces – making them a toolbox essential for jewellery makers and fine craft workers. They’ve even been spotted on BBC1’s The Repair Shop, as the favoured tools of expert craftspeople.

Watch our Smooth Jaws Parallel Plier in action:


Combination Pliers

Next up is the side cutter parallel plier, or fencing plier. As well as doing everything the flat nose plier does, this innovative design features a high-leverage cutter on the side of the tool. This makes it useful in all sorts of applications. From farmers installing and maintaining electric fencing. To piano tuners cutting the toughest piano wire and furniture makers repeatedly cutting hard springs. To medics and dentists using the special autoclave-safe version to complete careful sterile work. We call it the combination plier: reinvented.

Jewellery Pliers

We also make pliers in a few different shapes, perfect for jewellery making and craft work. The 125 mm snipe nose parallel pliers have tapered jaws, useful for gripping small objects, working in confined spaces, or removing kinks in soft wire. Our round jaw parallel pliers are designed for bending and forming metal coils and loops. Meanwhile, our half round and flat jaw parallel plier multiplies hand force by five, making easy work of bending rings in jewellery making.

Clamping Pliers

For extra grip while you work on your craft, you can try the clamping parallel plier. With plastic coverings on the jaws, it can securely hold soft metals and even wire without damage.

Cutting Pliers

Cutting pliers are normal pliers with sharpened cutting edges, designed to help electricians and DIY'ers cut through a range of soft and hard wire. They include end cutting pliers which are useful for cutting wire repeatedly as well as removing old nails, as well as diagonal cutters (also known as side cutters) designed with 22x hand force multipliers and hardened jaws.

Needle nose, snipe nose and long nose pliers

A nimble gizmo ideal for holding small components, these pliers have long, narrow jaws perfect for compact spaces and precise crafting.

Shop Maun’s snipe nose pliers.

Watch our Snipe Nose Pliers in action:


Round nose pliers

Typically designed with a parallel jaw for slicker loop making and wire-bending, these gadgets are great for craft work and jewellery making.

Shop Maun’s round nose pliers.

Crimping pliers

These gadgets are a professional’s toolkit essential. Ideal for attaching connectors to electrical cables and providing the most reliable gas-tight seals.

Shop Maun’s crimping tools.

Specialist Pliers

Finally, we have a range of speciality parallel pliers, custom-made for specific tasks. There’s the ball chain plier for window blind installers. The 3 mm-jawed thin jaws parallel plier, for extra-confined spaces. The twine gauge measuring pliers, used in the marine fishing industry to ensure compliance. And the customisable soft jaws parallel plier, which you can alter to your own specification. Our long nose pliers are also used in the automotive industry to repair car radiator fins.

Shape, size and surface: how to choose the right pliers for the job

With so many options on the market, deciding what tools you need can feel overwhelming.

But for us, it mostly comes down to shape, size, and surface.

For instance, those doing jobs in small spaces may select a tapered, snipe-nosed shape, for greater precision.

Utility workers and tradespeople may choose a larger tool to ensure greater leverage for heavy-duty tasks.

Meanwhile, jewellers might want to select jaws with a smooth, soft plastic surface, to avoid marking or damaging soft materials like gold, silver or coloured wire.

Finally, there are a few extras that can make Maun’s parallel action pliers a delight to use for professionals and DIY-ers alike, from the rust-proof finish as standard, to the optional comfort grips and long-lasting return spring. These aren’t just the right tools for the job. These are tools to last a lifetime.

And that’s the Maun difference.

SHOP THE FULL RANGE OF PLIERS AND TOOLS HERE

So, what pliers can I get from Maun?

In short, there’s loads. Have a scroll below to see the top 5 Maun pliers your toolkit should include. Or shop our full range here.

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